Pond Spring - The General Joe Wheeler Home
Once home to prehistoric Native Americans, Pond
Spring is the post-Civil War home of Gen. Joseph
Wheeler, a Confederate major general, a U.S.
congressman, and a Spanish-American War general.
Following the Civil War, Wheeler became a national
symbol for reunification and reconciliation.
Wheelers daughter, Miss Annie Wheeler, served in
three wars as a Red Cross nurse.
The 50-acre site includes a dogtrot log house built
around 1818, a circa 1830 Federal-style house, the
1870s Wheeler house, eight farm-related
outbuildings, two family cemeteries, an
African-American cemetery, a small Indian mound, a
pond, a boxwood garden, and other garden areas.
Pond Spring - The General Joe Wheeler Home
12280 Alabama Highway 20
Hillsboro, Alabama 35643
General Joe Wheeler Home, c. 1870s
Bedroom, General Joe Wheeler Home
Front parlor, General Joe Wheeler Home
Sherrod House, c. 1830
Hickman Log Dogtrot, c. 1818
Log Barn, c. 1830
Pond Spring, as it exists in the 21st century, is 50
acres of land, 12 historic buildings surrounded by
formal boxwood gardens, and three family cemeteries.
Its most notable inhabitants were General Joseph
Wheeler and his family.
Native-Americans populated this region of the
fertile Tennessee Valley for many generations.
Concentrations of artifacts discovered on the site
by archaeologists show evidence of three periods of
habitation, the earliest about 5000 years ago.
The original European-American settlers, the John P.
Hickman family, came to the site in 1818. At that
time, Pond Spring consisted of 1760 acres and
several log structures. The Hickmans brought with
them 56 African-American enslaved workers to clear
the land, plant cotton, and build their homes.
The Sherrod family bought Pond Spring in 1827 and
expanded the largest of two log dogtrot houses into
a clapboard-covered Federal-style home. Both the
1818 Hickman cabin and the Sherrod home stand today.
General Wheeler came to Alabama during the Civil War
in 1863, and met young Ben Sherrod's widow, Daniella.
They married in 1866, and built their home during
the 1870s. The General's home is connected to the
older Sherrod Home by a covered walkway. The
adjoining Wheeler Home contains many significant
artifacts that belonged to General Wheeler and his
The collections vary from books, military
artifacts from the Civil and Spanish-American Wars,
and antique furniture, to family portraits,
photographs, and Victorian-period decorative arts.
General Wheeler was a national figure, serving as a
Confederate Cavalry officer, a member of the U. S.
House of Representatives, and a U. S. major general
during the Spanish-American War. One of Wheeler's
daughters, Miss Annie, served as a Red Cross
volunteer nurse in three wars and lived in the house
until her death in 1955.
The house was listed in the National Register of
Historic Places in 1977. In 1993, General Wheeler's
descendants donated Pond Spring to the state of
Alabama and the Alabama Historical Commission.
Historical Commission has restored the house to the
period when Miss Annie Wheeler displayed her
father's uniforms, medals, and memorabilia from the
Civil War and Spanish American War.
Following the opening on May 26-27, the house and
its grounds will be open Wednesday - Saturday, 9am -
4pm and Sunday, 1pm - 5pm.
Wed.-Sat., tours given hourly at 9am, 10am, 11am,
1pm, 2pm, and 3pm. Closed for lunch from 12pm to
1pm. On Sundays, hourly tours are at 1pm, 2pm, 3pm,
and 4pm. Tours meet on the hour on the Wheeler Home
Closed Monday, Tuesday, and State holidays.
Please call the Site Director, Melissa Beasley at
256/637-8513 or email to
email@example.com for more information.
Students, seniors 65+, military with ID
Children 6-18 $3
Children under 6 free
Blue Star Museum - free admission for active
duty military and families between Memorial Day and
Group rates available for
ten or more booked in advance. Teachers and bus
drivers free with school groups.
The site is located in Lawrence County
in Hillsboro, three miles east of Courtland,
adjacent to Alabama Highway 20 (US Alt. 72).
Drive time approx. 23 miles and 30 mins from
1. Head north on
2. Take exit 340 for AL-20 W toward
3. Continue on the ramp and merge onto
AL-20 W/US-72Alt W
4. Continue onto AL-20 W
5. Turn right onto AL-20 W/US-72Alt W/Wilson St NE
6. Continue to follow AL-20 W/US-72Alt W for approx.
7. Turn left onto Co Rd 377
(this is not a regular left turn lane, caution
Pond Spring/Joe Wheeler
Home will be on the right
1. Head south on I-65 S
2. Take exit 340A to
merge onto AL-20 W/US-72Alt W toward Decatur
Continue onto AL-20 W
4. Turn right onto AL-20
W/US-72Alt W/Wilson St NE
5. Continue to follow
AL-20 W/US-72Alt W for approx. 16.4 mi
left onto Co Rd 377 (this is not a regular
left turn lane, caution advised)
Pond Spring/Joe Wheeler Home will be on the right